Sunday, November 2, 2008

Living on Debt

People's lives are intertwined with their credit and credit scores. We are accustomed to living beyond our means. The best of us keep reserve that for our mortgages, the worst of us go well beyond. And the downturn has not changed patriotic consumption, rather it has just increased our debt. This article from the Christian Science Monitor titled The 'Catch 22' of consumer credit discusses the issues. Lets take a look -

Renting an apartment, securing a home mortgage, seeking employment, buying a car, even turning on utilities – each of these life experiences will demand a review of your credit history. Nearly 1 in 3 purchases in the United States is made with plastic, or $40 out of every $100, adding to nearly $1 trillion of credit-card debt as of August, according to the Federal Reserve.

Faced with an extended economic recession and a tumultuous global credit meltdown, Americans are finally recognizing the negative consequences of leverage (the number of dollars borrowed for each dollar of wealth). Many people are making a concerted effort to de-leverage by reducing their use of credit cards and adopting a "pay as you go" philosophy. Abstinence from credit cards has become chic among some younger consumers who have formed Web-based networks to support their pledges of credit-card withdrawal.

Some older borrowers are placing themselves on cash-restricted budgets to reduce their urge to buy. A poll of 1,000 Americans released last week by Consumer Action reported that 69 percent of consumers intend to pay with cash and do not expect to take on additional debt in the next 12 months. Only 1 in 4 had opened new credit-card accounts in the past year.

But Americans' commitment to curb credit-card use has ironically become a Catch-22 scenario: By weaning themselves from credit cards, they actually harm their credit reputation.

Whenever consumers lock up or gleefully cut up their plastic, their credit scores drop as they have increased their credit-utilization ratio. This ratio is determined by dividing a person's total of outstanding debt by their total available credit. As borrowers' credit lines are closed, either by themselves or by creditors, their utilization ratio increases and their credit score decreases, hence the Catch-22.

The system is to rely on debt and credit. If you do not have debt you are not shown to be a good consumer. In order to make a huge purchase as a house you need to show that you have lived with credit (debt) for years and that you consistently pay it. If you do not have the proper debt you have a lower FICO score. A lower FICO score can result in a higher interest rate. SO the system is designed to penalize those that do not want to live beyond their means.

Seems like a very unsustainable system for the consumers, however quite beneficial to the lender. Guess it is obvious as to who designed the system.

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